How can Fanconi Anaemia be Prevented?
You can’t prevent Fanconi anaemia (FA) because it is an inherited disease. If a child gets two copies of the same faulty FA gene, he or she will have FA.
If you’re at high risk for FA and are planning to have children, you may want to consider genetic counselling. A counsellor can help you understand your risk of having a child who has FA. The doctor also can explain the choices that are available to you.
If you’re already pregnant, genetic testing can show whether your child has FA or not.
In theworld, Ashkenazi Jews (Jews of Eastern European descent) and Afrikaners from South Africa are at higher risk for FA than other ethnic groups. For these two groups, it’s recommended that prospective parents get tested for FA-related gene mutations before getting pregnant.
If you or your child has FA, you can prevent some health problems related to the disorder, hepatitis, and chicken pox can occur more often and more severely in people who have FA compared with those who don’t have FA. Ask your doctor about vaccines for these conditions.
People who have FA are also at higher risk than other people for some types of cancers. These cancers include leukaemia (a type of blood cancer), myelodysplastic syndrome (abnormal levels of all three types of blood cells), and liver cancer. Screening and early detection can help manage these life-threatening diseases and are of utmost importance. If you detect anything out of the ordinary on your body, get it checked by a doctor.